Condition 3: Availability of Resources

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Introduction | 1. Dissatisfaction with the status quo | 2. Knowledge and skills exist | 3. Availability of resources |
4. Availability of time | 5. Rewards and/or incentives exist | 6. Participation | 7. Commitment | 8. Leadership

The third facilitative condition, summarized as “I have everything I need to make it work,” requires that resources are available to acquire learning objectives (Ellsworth, 2000).

Resources are considered from both macro- and micro-level perspective – from people and platforms required for training to learners’ supply materials.

With the rapid shift of learning to digital, this Facilitative Condition is of great significance. Internet usage is reported more common among the young, well-educated and English speakers, while many in emerging and developing nations are left out of the internet revolution (Pew Research Center, 2015). This poses significant challenges for scaling new ways of learning domestically as well as globally. Educators must help ensure equitable access to learning.


Ellsworth, J. B. (2000). Surviving Change: A Survey of Educational Change Models. Retrieved from

Pew Research Center (2015). Internet Seen as Positive Influence on Education but Negative on Morality in Emerging and Developing Nations. Retrieved September 7, 2017 from


4 thoughts on “Condition 3: Availability of Resources

  1. Even with a higher internet usage in the US, it’s also important to understand that not everyone has access to high-speed internet. Employers need to provide the right tools and resources to their associates. I think this could included physical tools, such as laptops for every employee, but also resources that are available to actively respond to issues adopters may face.

    1. You make a good point, Robert, and I think businesses could make their dollars and resources go farther if they looked at what tools and technologies individual employees need to be able to do their jobs well. Many businesses and organizations provide the same tools and technologies (e.g., desk phone, work cell phone, desktop computer, laptop computer, computer software, etc.) to all their employees regardless of whether or not all of the employees need all of those tools and technologies to be successful in their professional roles. This lack of differentiated tool and technology distribution comes at a cost.

      In my comment on Ely’s 2nd facilitative condition, I noted that many higher education organizations invest their scarce resources in the technology innovation itself with little thought to the costs associated with infrastructure and training. Perhaps if businesses and organizations were more discerning about the tools and technologies they purchased for their employees, they might be able to differentiate in an effort to get the right tools in the right employees’ hands at the right time.

      1. Random story, but my desk phone actually stopped working a few weeks ago and rather than IT just giving me a new phone, they made my department pay for it and it had to go through a whole process. It was upsetting to think that it was so difficult to get something that is required to do my job!

        1. I completely understand your frustration–I have found that using the phrase, “This has caused a work stoppage” helps bump up the priority of the request!

          But to speak to my earlier point about organizations being smarter about their limited resources when it comes to tools and technologies for their employees–I went around our office yesterday and counted 5 phones at work stations that no longer are utilized. We pay $25/phone line each month, so that’s been $125/month wasted for at least the last 3 months. Over time $125 every month adds up…and there’s a lot more we could be doing with that savings to better support our professional staff and the students we serve.

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